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Rillig, M.C.; Camenzind, T.; Velescu, A.; Wilcke, W.; Homeier, J.; Horn, S. & Hempel, S. (2014): Nitrogen and phosphorus additions impact arbuscular mycorrhizal abundance and molecular diversity in a tropical montane forest. Global Change Biology --, --
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12618.

Resource Description

Title: Nitrogen and phosphorus additions impact arbuscular mycorrhizal abundance and molecular diversity in a tropical montane forest
FOR816dw ID: 1267
Publication Date: 2014-06-14
License and Usage Rights: PAK 823-825 data user agreement. (www.tropicalmountainforest.org/dataagreementp3.do) http://www.tropicalmountainforest.org/dataagreement.do
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Matthias C. Rillig
Contact:
Individual: Tessa Camenzind
Contact:
Individual: Andre Velescu
Contact:
Individual: Wolfgang Wilcke
Contact:
Individual: Jürgen Homeier
Contact:
Individual: Sebastian Horn
Contact:
Individual: Stefan Hempel
Contact:
Abstract:
Increased nitrogen (N) depositions expected in the future endanger the diversity and stability of ecosystems primarily limited by N, but also often co-limited by other nutrients like phosphorus (P). In this context a nutrient manipulation experiment (NUMEX) was set up in a tropical montane rainforest in southern Ecuador, an area identified as biodiversity hotspot. We examined impacts of elevated N and P availability on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), a group of obligate biotrophic plant symbionts with an important role in soil nutrient cycles. We tested the hypothesis that increased nutrient availability will reduce AMF abundance, reduce species richness and shift the AMF community toward lineages previously shown to be favored by fertilized conditions. NUMEX was designed as a full factorial randomized block design. Soil cores were taken after 2 years of nutrient additions in plots located at 2000 m above sea level. Roots were extracted and intraradical AMF abundance determined microscopically; the AMF community was analyzed by 454-pyrosequencing targeting the large subunit rDNA. We identified 74 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) with a large proportion of Diversisporales. N additions provoked a significant decrease in intraradical abundance, whereas AMF richness was reduced significantly by N and P additions, with the strongest effect in the combined treatment (39% fewer OTUs), mainly influencing rare species. We identified a differential effect on phylogenetic groups, with Diversisporales richness mainly reduced by N additions in contrast to Glomerales highly significantly affected solely by P. Regarding AMF community structure, we observed a compositional shift when analyzing presence/absence data following P additions. In conclusion, N and P additions in this ecosystem affect AMF abundance, but especially AMF species richness; these changes might influence plant community composition and productivity and by that various ecosystem processes.
Keywords:
| ECSF | NUMEX | nitrogen | AM fungi | nutrient manipulation |
Literature type specific fields:
ARTICLE
Journal: Global Change Biology
Volume: --
Page Range: --
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Tessa Camenzind
Contact:
Online Distribution:
Download File: http://www.tropicalmountainforest.org/publications.do?citid=1267

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