Cite as:
Werner, F.A. & Larrea, M.L. (2010): Response of vascular epiphyte diversity to different land-use intensities in a neotropical montane wet forest. Forest Ecology and Management 260, 1950-1955

Resource Description

Title: Response of vascular epiphyte diversity to different land-use intensities in a neotropical montane wet forest
FOR816dw ID: 973
Publication Date: 2010-11-15
License and Usage Rights:
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Florian A. Werner
Individual: Mario Luis Larrea
Although vascular epiphytes contribute substantially to the biodiversity of tropical montane forests, it is
unclear how their diversity and community composition is affected by forest alteration. We studied the
response of vascular epiphyte assemblages to different intensities of land-use in a montane wet forest of
northeastern Ecuador: (1) unmanaged mature forest; (2) mature forest with mid- and understorey opened
for cattle grazing; and (3) isolated remnant trees in cattle pastures. The numbers of individuals and species
of epiphytes per host tree did not differ significantly between land-use types, neither did total epiphyte
species richness (n = 30 trees). However, total species richness of pteridophytes was significantly lower on
isolated remnant trees compared to unmanaged forest, whereas several taxa rich in xerotolerant species
(Bromeliaceae, Orchidaceae, Piperaceae) exhibited the opposite trend. An analysis of floristic composition
using ordination (NMS) and randomisation techniques (MRPP) showed that epiphyte assemblages on
isolated remnant trees were significantly distinct from unmanaged forest while managed forest was
intermediate between those two vegetation types. Ordination analysis further indicated reduced floristic
heterogeneity in disturbed habitats. These results suggest considerable, rapid species turnover since
land-use change 6 years prior to study, with pteridophytes being replaced by more xerotolerant taxa.
We attribute this floristic turnover primarily to changes in microclimate towards higher levels of light
and desiccation stress associated with forest disturbance. Our results support the notion that community
composition offers a more sensitive indicator of human disturbance than species richness.
Additional Infos:
carajo -- que maravilla de paper ps!
| land-use change | human disturbance | microclimate | deforestation | beta diversity | fragmentation | isolated trees | secondary forest | species richness | species turnover |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 260
Page Range: 1950-1955
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-1127
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Bernhard Runzheimer
Online Distribution:
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