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Jantz, N. & Behling, H. (2011): A Holocene environmental record reflecting vegetation, climate, and fire variability at the Páramo of Quimsacocha, southwestern Ecuadorian Andes. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 21, 169-185
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-011-0327-x.

Resource Description

Title: A Holocene environmental record reflecting vegetation, climate, and fire variability at the Páramo of Quimsacocha, southwestern Ecuadorian Andes
FOR816dw ID: 1083
Publication Date: 2011-10-20
License and Usage Rights: http://www.tropicalmountainforest.org/dataagreement.do
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Nele Jantz
Contact:
Individual: Hermann Behling
Contact:
Abstract:
We reconstructed the palaeoenvironmental conditions of the last ca. 8000 years in the Tres Lagunas region of the Quimsacocha volcanic basin (ca. 3800 m a.s.l.) in the southwestern Ecuadorian Andes. By means of a pollen and charcoal record, we analysed vegetation, fire, and climate history of this area, which is sensitive to climatic changes of both the Pacific as well as of the eastern Andes and Amazon region. Sediment deposits, pronounced increase of pollen and charcoal concentrations, and pollen taxa reflect warmer and drier conditions in the early to mid-Holocene (~8000 to 3900 cal B.P.). During the late Holocene (2250 to -57 cal B.P.), 5 warm and cold-phases occurred at Quimsacocha. The most prominent cold phase possibly corresponds to the globally recognized Little Ice-Age (LIA; ~600 to 100 cal B.P.). The cold phase signal at Quimsacocha was characterized by a higher abundance of Poaceae, Isoëtes and Gentianella, which favour cold and moist conditions. Frequent charcoal particles can be recorded since the early to mid-Holocene (~7600 B.P.). The high Andean tree species Polylepis underwent several phases of degradation and re-establishment in the basin, which can indicate the use of fire by pre-Columbian settlers to enhance the growth of preferred herb species. The Tres Lagunas record suggests that human populations have been influencing the environment around Quimsacocha since the last ca. 8,000 years.
Additional Infos:
Open access, available at: http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1007/s00334-011-0327-x
Keywords:
| Ecuador | Holocene | Paramo | Palaeoecology | climate change | Andes |
Literature type specific fields:
ARTICLE
Journal: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
Volume: 21
Page Range: 169-185
Publisher: Springer
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Bernhard Runzheimer
Contact:
Online Distribution:
Download File: http://www.tropicalmountainforest.org/publications.do?citid=1083

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